Common Eye Conditions and How They Affect Your Vision
Understand common eye conditions and how they affect your vision or someone you care for is an important first step. Below is a vision simulator and while it is not exactly how each individual sees, it will provide helpful information.
Two common facts about most eye conditions/disorders
- Most disorders are related to age and you will not see your vision effected until you are a senior.
- Many disorders do not have symptoms until the damage is present and none revisable.
Medical insurance normally does not cover eye exams without medical eye conditions. Routine eye exams are more like a screening and are not always comprehensive. You must invest in your eye health. Get the correct eye exams in the time table suggested by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
When to Have Regular Eye Exams
- Adults under 40 years old whose eyes are healthy and vision is good should have a complete exam by an ophthalmologist every five to 10 years. Or remember it this way: have a complete eye exam once in your 20s and twice in your 30s.
- It’s very important to get a baseline comprehensive eye exam at age 40, even for people who have no symptoms or known risk factors for eye disease.
- It’s important to have a complete eye exam with your ophthalmologist every year or two after age 65.
Click on the arrows below of the Vision Simulator to see what an individual may see.
Images shows an individual with normal vision
The three most common types of cataracts are Nuclear, Posterior, and Cortical. An individual can have one type of cataracts or a combination of multiple.
The lens not only becomes cloudy, but may change the appearance of colors. Normally, the individual will see images with more hues of yellow or green.
Some individual experience spots on the natural lens that decrease vision. This type of cataract makes reading difficult. Light at nights may also have halos or glare.
Cortical Cataracts effect the the outer vision and then the center. The cataract is in a “stoke” design like the stokes on a bike. Individuals with cortical cataracts have problems with contrast and vision depth.
Diabetic Individuals are effected by diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic Retinopathy causes blurry vision and floating spots in their vision.
An individual with glaucoma has blurry or darkened peripheral vision.
Macular Degeneration is age related.
Individuals with macular degeneration have blurry center vision.